All disciplines within the baroque art deserve to be highlighted by their excellence, filling the world with such a bright and delicate but courageous beauty, j… Others likened it to the plague, dropsy, and other dise… Baroque art was a dramatic and grandeur style that was incorporated in various disciplines such as architecture, music, paintings, and sculpture. Bernini, Baldacchino, Saint Peter's. Baroque paintings were illusionistic (sharing physical space with the viewer, and providing multiple, changing views), while sculptures and architecture were adorned with illustrations. Baroque art took place after the Renaissance through the 17th and 18th century as a Catholic counter-reformation to draw people back into the church. While Louis XIV invited Bernini to France to submit a design for his Palace of Versailles in 1661, the King instead chose Louis L… The word “baroque” derives from the Portuguese and Spanish words for a large, irregularly-shaped pearl (“barroco” and “barrueco,” respectively). But the baroque style, like all other styles in the history of art, began gradually. The baroque art was established during the time of the baroque period, specifically in between the years 1590 and 1720. The Baroque is a period of artistic style that started around 1600 in Rome, Italy, and spread throughout the majority of Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture , painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. It is considered a continuation of Italian Mannerism, which survived until the mid-16th century. The master of this technique was Gian Lorenzo Bernini, credited with creating the Baroque sculptural style. In the territories of the Spanish and Portuguese empires including the Iberian Peninsula it continued, together with new styles, until the first decade of the 1800s. One of the early examples of Baroque architecture was the façade of Saint Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City. Created by Artist Phil Hansen. Baroque art and architecture, the visual arts and building design and construction produced during the era in the history of Western art that roughly coincides with the 17th century. For Baroque art, the story is why the period has been classically misunderstood. It's characterized by extremely detailed forms, marble, large-scale decoration, and bright colors. Without a doubt, the baroque art is a unique style that showed a “before and after” within the art world. Art of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries in Naples. Baroque Art: Architecture and Design The early Baroque period in architecture emerged around the first quarter of the 1600s in Italy and continued until the late Baroque or Rococo era in France. Gianlorenzo Bernini - An Italian artist who was the preeminent sculptor of the Baroque period. 5. As opposed to Renaissance art with its clearly defined planes, with each figure placed in isolation from each other, Baroque art has continuous overlapping of figures and elements. He influenced artists such as Ingres and Paul Cezanne. An example of Baroque sculpture and architecture is the Trevi Fountain in Rome. Today, when someone uses the word "baroque" to describe something, they usually mean that the object is overly ornate and complex. The later part of the Baroque period is often called the Rococo period. These aesthetic qualities are evident in both Baroque art and Baroque architecture. Architecture was the dominant expression of the French Baroque style. The popularity of the style was in fact encouraged by the Catholic Church, which had decided at the Council of Trent that the arts should communicate religious themes and direct emotional involvement in response to the Protestant Reformation. The Baroque Style inspired the Beaux-Arts architecture style that developed in the 19th century and which was used in some modern buildings. The chiaroscuro technique refers to the interplay between light and dark that was often used in Baroque paintings of dimly lit scenes to produce a very high-contrast, dramatic atmosphere. The master of this technique was Gian Lorenzo Bernini, credited with creating the Baroque sculptural style. In fact, despite my several courses in art history and appreciation, it still took me several hours of individual study to … Art emerged within a political and religious setting in Europe expressing the spirituality and the theocentrismof the Middle Ages, using rationalism and Anthropocentrism of the Renaissance. Listen to a recorded reading of this page. In music, the Baroque style makes up a large part of the classical canon, such as Bach, Handel, and Vivaldi. Known as the Baroque period, this era is characterized by opulence, drama, and movement. Part of a series of works commissioned for Marie de Medici, The Education of the Princess depicts Marie studying. Baroque Art: Architecture and Design The early Baroque period in architecture emerged around the first quarter of the 1600s in Italy and continued until the late Baroque or Rococo era in France. The later part of the Baroque period is often called the Rococo period. In 1751 Denis Diderot's encyclopedia entry definedbarochéas "a painter's term used to explain that the paintbrush did not cleanly delineate a contour and that it smeared colors." 10 Facts about Baroque Art. In the later part of the period, the Baroque style was termed Rococo, a style characterized by increasingly decorative and elaborate works. 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