But when it was over, it was back to more wheeling and dealing until the next elections. At the end of the day, after discussion and debate, the legislature must allow the executive to take the hard decisions. In one of … The president will have to show political skill and courage to cut a way through the conflicting interests of businessmen and the people. (Build, Operate, Transfer) arrangements for power projects. It was his leadership that transformed Singapore from a third world country into a thriving metropolitan city in just three decades. Other schemes like B.O.O. But they must not lead to a paralysis of government. Why Do So Many Filipinos Misunderstand System Change? Contrary to what American political commentators say, I do not believe that democracy necessarily leads to development. Diagrams that Explain the Parliamentary System, Proposed Malolos-style New Constitution Draft, Title II on The Filipinos and their National and Individual Rights and Duties, US Government Shutdown: The Presidential System Sucks, No Parliamentary System, No LKY & No Mahathir, Problems of Presidentialism & the US Exception. In the 1950s economic development in the Philippines was better than that in Korea, comparable to that in Taiwan, and was at the lower end of the same bracket as Japan. 9 April 2009 THE FUNDAMENTALS OF SINGAPORE’S FOREIGN POLICY: THEN AND NOW Independence was thrust upon Singapore. Thailand has been running budget surpluses. Lee Kuan Yew 1966 First National Day Rally - Hokkien Speech And people must be prepared to work to make these hard decisions stick. The Aquino Presidency achieved the restoration of a democratic constitution. It found that while Singapore paid its civil servants one of the highest salaries in the world, they also had the least amount of money in their bank accounts among politicians in the region. He is known for his political pragmatism in his governance of Singapore but has been criticised for his authoritarian and sterile policies.. Lee was elected prime minister of Singapore for 31 years, making him the longest … With foreign investors closely monitoring the country for a stable political transition, the infrastructure problem is publicity it can ill-afford.” I understand that the brown-outs have got worse and Makati is back to 5-6 hours a day of brown-outs. W hen I was in my teens I heard about a political study. It starts with having a core group of united leaders with strong morality and integrity at the top of the government. I believe that what a country needs to develop is discipline more than democracy” were taken. Banking activities have increased and the stock market is upbeat. “I am not going to come here, next time, just to … Kidnappings of local Chinese have increased. They are now pressing ahead with deregulation and liberalisation to open up their economy and make their products internationally competitive. Women are equal to men in intellectual capacity.” “Societies which do not educate and use half their potential because they are women are those which will be the worse off.” Speech at … One Man’s View of the World (2013). It’s about time we finally learned best practices from them which they have been more than willing to share. If the next six years are wasted, the Philippines will lag even further behind. They estimate industries could lose 20 billion pesos during this three-month period. 8. These factors are good for development. There are more MBAs in the Philippines than in any ASEAN country, both Filipino and US trained. 9. This problem must be put right urgently. In this story we’ll talk about how Lee defined leadership and chose leaders. You must expect domestic vested interests to exploit the political system to slow down economic liberalisation. He had survived hardship, danger and fear in the Japanese Occupation. The Philippines is immensely better off compared to Afghanistan or Lebanon or Sri Lanka. Asia-Pacific region in the new geopolitical context Lee Kuan Yew (1990). If you maximise the six years of the Ramos Administration by freeing your economy, attracting investments, and if you work hard to create conditions that make these investments profitable, then you will get yourself back into the mainstream of growth and development and be in the same league of dynamic economies as your ASEAN neighbours. On woman at work “The only differences between men and women workers are the physical and biological ones. The late Lee Kuan Yew had already brought these up back in late 1992, and not long after, former president Fidel V. Ramos himself tried hard to set up the very reforms that Mr. Lee said that the Philippines needed: (1) An economy that is open to foreign direct investments and without idiotic anti-FDI restrictions in the Constitution, and (2) a Parliamentary System which allows for better quality leadership and greater decision-making efficiency. I concluded that you have invited me because you wanted this conference of leading Filipino businessmen and public figures to hear my frank opinion. He had been a British subject in colonial Singapore. Rigoberto Tiglao in the Far Eastern Economic Review 3 September 1992, wrote: “, 15. Speech by former Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew and current Senior Advisor to Government of Singapore Investment Corporation at the Ford Theatre's Abraham Lincoln Medal Award Ceremony in Washington DC on 18 October 2011 Mr Wayne Reynolds, Chairman of Ford's Theatre Mrs Catherine Reynolds, Chairman and CEO of The Catherine B. Reynolds Foundation The Philippines must press forward with fiscal reforms which President Aquino began in 1991 under IMF conditionality. If the Philippines stick to old policies, because vested interests are too powerful to overturn, then Filipinos will continue to lag further and further behind her ASEAN neighbours. Lee Kuan Yew is considered the founding father of modern Singapore. Then the world will soon change its views of prospects for the Philippines. If the Ramos Administration can make ordinary Filipinos understand that politics is not simply elections with singing, fiestas and giveaways, but that it is about their lives, jobs and wages, homes, schools, hospitals, the situation can change dramatically. And it has a good chance of success because it is part of a region which is set for high growth. I believe that what a country needs to develop is discipline more than democracy. I knew Filipino politics in the Marcos era as rumbustious. The Philippines has a lively and rumbustious press and television. Even Vietnam will overtake the Philippines. Lee Kuan Yew had to make tough decisions throughout his life, but he did what he did to build a nation. This has generated a sense of optimism over economic recovery. Tiglao was hopeful: “However, the economic performance of the Philippines’ ASEAN neighbours , which had sought foreign investments, has gradually resulted in the sea change in national attitudes …” There was “easy passage of the Foreign Investment Act of 1991, which basically lifted all restrictions, except those that are in the constitution, on foreign investments.”. This restored confidence in their currencies. I do not believe that Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong or Singapore could have succeeded as they have done if they had to work under such a constitution, where gridlock on every major issue is a way of life. Their economic growth bounced from 3-4% to 8-10% per annum. The late Lee Kuan Yew gave a speech at the Ritz Carlton Hotel in Singapore on April 25, 2003, after he pressed on by gracing the occasion with his attendance. Unlike these countries, the Philippines can pull itself together and get on with the job. Share Tweet Email Whatsapp . Make Manila safe from organised kidnapping and major crimes. Why are the Monsods so anti-Constitutional Reform? Politicians revelled in democracy, and its freedoms, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and for those in office, the freedom to wheel and deal. He was Singapore’s first prime minister and the architect of the small Southeast Asian city-state’s spectacular ascent from a British tropical outpost with no natural resources to a global trade and financial center, and one of the world’s wealthiest countries on a per capita basis. Some Filipinos wrongly took exception to this in the 1990s, but starting in the late 2000s, Lee Kuan Yew’s wisdom had become much more popular among Filipinos after years and years of mediocre economic progress resulting from our country’s inability to move over to much better ways of doing things. 10. 27. Third : Build up your infrastructure, like power stations, roads and communications, either in partnership with or completely by the private sector. The experience of Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia is especially relevant. The result: “The joke in the Philippines is that 98% of the population are waiting for a telephone, and the other 2% for a dial tone. Other crimes especially corruption must be suppressed and punished. And you will notice that since the Vietnam War and the Great Society for some 28 years ago, the US system has not functioned even for the United States. That was because corruption was … Malaysia and Indonesia have reduced their budget deficits to 2% of GNP or less since 1987, to less than a third of previous deficit levels. In an earlier story I talked about Lee Kuan Yew‘s top down approach to overcoming corruption in a nation. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo tried to pick up where President Ramos left off by attempting once more a much more comprehensive set of constitutional reforms that included (1) Opening the economy to foreign investors by removing the anti-FDI constitutional restrictions, (2) shifting to a Evolving and gradualist form of Federalism, and (3) shifting to the Parliamentary System and again, she too was demonized by Philippine Mass Media with all kinds of false accusations and falsehoods thrown at her and the reform initiative. The second task is to free the economy from controls and monopolies. Rigoberto Tiglao wrote in the Review, “, 22. The system worked in America because of a super-abundance of resources and riches in a vast under-populated continent. This has been the experience of Singapore where the Prime Minister is in charge of the CPIB (Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau). 17. In 1991 Mount Pinatubo erupted. The nation has only a little more than a million phones for 62 million people. But if the people understand what economic liberalisation means to them in jobs and wages there will be counterpressure on Congressmen, cabinet ministers and officials. LEE KUAN YEW, DURING THE DEBATE IN THE FEDERAL PARLIAMENT, ON THE MOTION OF THANKS TO THE YANG DI-PERTUAN AGONG FOR HIS SPEECH FROM THE THRONE, MAY, 27, 1965 Lee Kuan Yew | 27/05/1965 They will put pressure on Congress to clean up their act, to demolish barriers which are depriving Filipinos of the progress enjoyed by their neighbours. 14. March 23, 2016, marks the first death anniversary of Singapore’s founding father and long-serving Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Lift restrictions on trade and investment. Chicken or the Egg: Culture Change or System Change? Alas, even nature has been unkind. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Speech by Mr Lee Kuan Yew, Minister Mentor, at the S. Rajaratnam Lecture, 09 April 2009, 5:30 pm at Shangri-La Hotel. The London Economist, July 4, 1992, said: “The challenge for President Ramos is to find the economic growth that will confirm democracy’s future. They have a densely populated archipelago with little oil, gas, or other valuable natural resources. President Estrada tried to get rid of the anti-FDI and 60/40 restrictions, and he got ousted not long after he first talked about these reforms. Through the infusion of technology and high quality management from successful countries like Japan, the NIEs, America and Europe their goods and services became internationally competitive. The exuberance of democracy leads to undisciplined and disorderly conditions which are inimical to development. In that same Asiaweek magazine was another article entitled “Kidnappers in Uniform?”: “Police Brig-Gen Raul Imperial counts more than 50 kidnappings last year, netting $7.6 million in ransoms. If I were a Filipino, I would count my blessings and start in a positive frame of mind. The result: “, 7. I know the Papal … Lee Kuan Yew (1923–2015) was a Singaporean political leader and one of the great statesmen of the post World War II-era. In fact, his grandfather wanted him to become an English gentleman! Correction, March 22, 2015: Lee Kuan Yew died at 3:18 a.m. Singapore time on Monday, March 23. Should the Philippines Turn Parliamentary? 2 Filipinos: A Football Legend & A Spanish Prime Minister, Sen. Claro M. Recto on the Presidential System, Crowdsourced Malolos-Style Proposed Constitution, Read This Before Registering to this Site, Dismissing Gridlock: A Case for Parliamentary Systems, How I Came to the Conclusion that the Phils Needs Constitutional Reform, Parliamentary Systems Offer Better Representation, The Anti-People Constitution (from PhilStar), Chan Robles' Copy of the 1987 Constitution, The Parable of the Good Father and National Five-Year Plans, Please read this first before registering. 26. The ultimate test of the value of a political system is whether it helps that society to establish conditions which improve the standard of living for the majority of its people plus enabling the maximum of personal freedoms compatible with the freedoms of others in society. MR LEE KUAN YEW'S EARLY YEARS. It is good that there will be a bill in the House to increase the salaries of government workers by some 500 to 1,250 pesos a month from 1 January 1993. Every Filipino knows the other ASEAN countries have overtaken the Philippines. They learned from the policies of the NIEs where foreign investment and export-oriented growth made for booming economies. (09/18/1947 - 12/04/1981). Print. They wanted a weak executive president. 21. It is possible to weed out corruption provided the top political leaders must set the example and the pace. 30. National Archives - Interview with Lee Kuan Yew - National Security Council. 5. Rigoberto Tiglao wrote in the Review, “It has become obvious to economists now that the ‘nationalist industrialisation’ rhetoric has benefited only a group of inefficient oligarchs – including some heading US-owned firms – from beer brewing to soap manufacturing to appliance assembly. Therefore investors fear that the Government cannot control future budget deficits and inflation. Then you will find that Filipinos can perform just as well as Singaporeans or Thais or Malaysians. The CoRRECT™ Movement Website © 2020. They should undertake this vital job as their national duty. Filipinos should not tolerate a slower pace of liberalisation than what their ASEAN partners have achieved, especially Thailand and Malaysia and now Indonesia. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. They protected their markets to establish import substituting industries. Lee Kuan Yew. By the early 80s, at first, Thailand, and next Malaysia, changed policies. His duty first and foremost is to the people. Three victims, two university students and one businessman, have been killed. In Lee Kuan Yew: The Man and His Ideas (TMHI, ... 1989 National Day Rally speech, quoted in The Straits Times, August 21st, 1989, p. 17 . In Singapore there are over 1,500 Filipinos on Employment Passes, professionals, engineers, accountants, architects, managers, more than those from other ASEAN countries except Malaysia which is Singapore’s nearest neighbour. In this speech, Lee Kuan Yew had clearly given solid bits of advice to the audience as well as to all Filipinos, and it is this particular speech from whence the famous words “I do not believe that democracy necessarily leads to development. Document … You must have known my attitudes from reports over a long time. Speech at the 10th Anniversary Celebrations of the Jalan Tenteram Community Centre, 27th June 1970 Lee Kuan Yew in his own words, 1959-1970 27. Nápoles & Pork Barrel: It’s the Lousy System. Among the many things Mr. Lee mentioned was the need for the Philippines to open up to foreign direct investments, something that Singapore had already proven to be much more helpful than harmful, and that it was precisely the in-flow of foreign direct investments and the setting up of factories and offices by multinational corporations that caused Singapore to solve its original unemployment problem and eventually become a First World Nation. Noynoy Aquino clearly was not interested in making any amendments at all, even if several of his own party mates tried to introduce reforms akin to those of Estrada which were focused solely on the economic aspect of removing the anti-FDI restrictions in the Constitution. The Ramos presidency will have to prove that this democratic constitution can be made to work and that development is achievable. In 1979, oil painter Chua Mia Tee depicted Lee's return from London after the Merdeka Talks. However Filipinos are a people not without energy and talent. I believe that what a country needs to develop is discipline more than democracy” were taken. And at least one typhoon struck each year. When ordinary Filipinos know that the country’s stagnation and their joblessness is because of vested interests, corrupt politics and general disorder and lack of confidence, they will agitate in support of those who want to establish law and order and discipline, cut high tariffs, quotas to licensing and other restrictive monopolistic practices, in order to get investments to give them jobs. Candidates made eloquent and stirring speeches. Dismantle the web of measures which keep out foreign companies and make Philippine companies compete to survive, not thrive at the expense of ordinary Filipinos. 18. ‘People are afraid to call the police because the officer may be the mastermind,’ says Representative Hernando Perez. (Build, Own, Operate) B.O.P.S. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. But a developing country faced with disorder and underdevelopment needs a strong honest government. Constitutional Reform First before claiming Sabah! 25. Singapore is a country that used to be poor and third world just like us. Indonesia, with a lower per capita income level than the Philippines, had a national savings rate of 33% in the last five years. In conclusion, I hope I have provoked you, the business and government establishment of the Philippines, into setting your priorities for getting your act together so that you can achieve your potential. The first task is to restore law and order. The fundamentals of our foreign policy were forged during those vulnerable early years. Next, Filipino savings must and can be raised. 2. He would like to abolish all remaining quantitative restrictions on trade. The question I ask is: 5. In August he announced the complete liberalisation of foreign exchange regulations and ended 40 years of foreign exchange control in the country. Almost a quarter of the country’s export earnings go to service a foreign debt of $29 billion; over a tenth of the workforce is unemployed; and inflation which averaged 19% last year, is still running at an annual rate of around 9%. Lee Kuan Yew also spelled as Lee Kwan Yew 李光耀 is known as a very successful politician, born in Singapore, Mr.Lee successfully turned Singapore from a third world to first world.The other 2 non western countries that managed to reach developed status are Taiwan and South Korea, but both are still behind Singapore in term of Human Development Index (HDI) and Purchasing Power … They cut down protection and opened up their industries and services to competition. 1. There will be no foreign military presence to conscribe the growth of the Filipino nation. If the president carries through his liberalising of trade and investment regulations he will generate a new momentum in economic activities. One daily recently suggested that relatives of kidnap victims ask police how much the ransom is. He has asked Congress to reintroduce the death penalty for kidnapping, rape and murder. Filipinos are fluent in English, and the use of English is widespread. All Rights Reserved. Thailand and Malaysia started to deregulate and liberalise. Nomura’s Asia Focus (Aug 1992) quoted a 1991 JETRO survey of Japanese companies listing the major advantage in the Philippines as the highgrade low-cost labour force. They cut their budget deficits which brought inflation under control. Lee Kuan Yew – “The Impossible Can Happen!” Lee Kuan Yew was the first and longest-serving Prime Minister of Singapore. One problem is the Philippines has an American-style constitution, one of the most difficult to operate in the world. And disorderly conditions which are inimical to development was the first period was when the violent of... 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